GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022
Recently, the global Sustainable Development Report, 2022 was released. India was ranked 121 out of the 163 countries. It was ranked 117 in 2020 and 120 in 2021. Earlier, in February 2022, the PM addressed the The Energy and Resources Institute’s (TERI) World Sustainable Development Summit.
WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT?
It is a global assessment of countries' progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. It is published by a group of independent experts at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). SDSN was launched in 2012 to mobilize global scientific and technological expertise to promote practical problem solving for sustainable development and implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Following their adoption, SDSN is now committed to supporting the implementation of the SDGs at national and international levels.
Ranking: Countries are ranked by their overall score. The overall score measures the total progress towards achieving all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) The score can be interpreted as a percentage of SDG achievement. A score of 100 indicates that all SDGs have been achieved.
PERFORMANCE OF THE COUNTRIES
The 2022 SDG Index is topped by Finland, followed by three Nordic countries –Denmark, Sweden and Norway. East and South Asia is the region that progressed most on the SDGs since their adoption in 2015. Bangladesh and Cambodia are the two countries that progressed most on the SDGs since 2015. By contrast Venezuela has declined the most on the SDG Index since their adoption in 2015.
WHAT ARE THE KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE REPORT?
About World: Multiple and simultaneous health, climate, biodiversity, geopolitical and military crises are major setbacks for sustainable development globally. The SDG Index world average has slightly decreased in 2021 for the second year in a row, largely due to the impact of the pandemic on SDG1 (No Poverty) and SDG8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) and poor performance on SDG 11-15 (climate, biodiversity, and sustainable urban development goals. Besides their massive humanitarian costs, military conflicts – including the war in Ukraine – have major international spillovers on food security and energy prices, which are amplified by the climate and biodiversity crises.
About India: India’s Preparedness Worsened: India is not placed well to achieve the United Nations-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its preparedness has worsened over the years in comparison with other countries.
WHAT ARE THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDG)?
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity. The 17 SDGs are integrated—they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability. Countries have committed to prioritize progress for those who're furthest behind. The SDGs are designed to end poverty, hunger, Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and discrimination against women and girls.
RELATED: WORLD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT
- The Prime Minister addressed the The Energy and Resources Institute’s (TERI) World Sustainable Development Summit.
What is the World Sustainable Development Summit?
- The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) is the annual flagship event of TERI. It was earlier known as Delhi Sustainable Development Summit. Instituted in 200. It is the only Summit on global issues, taking place in the developing world.
- Objective: It has been conceptualized as a single platform to accelerate action towards sustainable development and climate change. It aims to bring together global leaders and thinkers in the fields of sustainable development, energy and environment sectors on a common platform.
What is TERI?
TERI is a non-profit research institute. It conducts research work in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development for India and the Global South. It was established in 1974 as Tata Energy Research Institute and renamed to The Energy Resources Institute in 2003.
WHAT WAS INDIA'S STAND AT THE SUMMIT?
- Equitable Energy Access: India has fulfilled its commitments by ensuring that equitable energy access to the poor remains a cornerstone of its environmental policy. These included initiatives such as 90 million households getting access to clean cooking fuel under the Ujjwala Yojana scheme. And farmers are encouraged to set up solar panels under the PM-KUSUM scheme where farmers could use and sell surplus power to the grid, which would promote sustainability and equity.
- Reducing Emissions: Discussed the LED bulbs distribution scheme (UJALA) that has been running for over seven years that had reportedly saved close to 220 billion units of electricity and prevented 180 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per year. The National Hydrogen Mission aims to tap into ‘green hydrogen’ and it was up to the academic and research institutes such as TERI to come up with scalable solutions.
- Ramsar Sites: Mentioned international recognition for India’s efforts by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and India now having 49 Ramsar sites (wetlands) spread over more than 1 million hectares. India is a megadiverse country. With 2.4% of the world's land area, India accounts for nearly 8% of the world's species.
- Infrastructure for Resilient Island States: The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (C.D.R.I.), aims to build strong infrastructure in areas prone to frequent natural disasters. On the side-lines of CoP-26, India also launched an initiative called ''Infrastructure for Resilient Island States''. The Island Developing States are the most vulnerable and hence need urgent protection.
- Launched LIFE - LIfestyle For Environment Initiative: LIFE is about making lifestyle choices to improve our planet. LIFE will be a coalition of like-minded people across the world who will promote sustainable lifestyles. They will be called 3Ps - Pro Planet People. This global movement is the Coalition for LIFE.
Q.1 Out of the given options, which of the following is correct regarding the ranking of India in Global Sustainable Development Report 2022?
- 104 out of the 165 countries
- 111 out of the 163 countries
- 121 out of the 163 countries: ANSWER
- None of the above-mentioned
Q.2 Which of the following nations topped the 2022 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Index?
- United Kingdom
- Finland: ANSWER
Q.3 Consider the given statements & state which of the following is/are incorrect in the reference to the World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS)?
- The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) is the annual flagship event of the World Resources Institute (WRI): ANSWER
- It was earlier known as Delhi Sustainable Development Summit. Instituted in 200.
- It is the only Summit on global issues, taking place in the developing world.
- None of the above-mentioned
Q.4 World Sustainable Development Summit is earlier known as which of the following?
- Delhi Sustainable Development Summit: ANSWER
- United Nations Sustainable Development Programme
- Climate Adaptation Summit.
- Environment Sustainability programme.
Q.5 Which of the following Organizations/institutions have released the 3rd Edition of the SDG India Index 2020-2021?
- National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog: ANSWER
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- International Organization for Sustainable Development (IOSD)
- None of the above