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Law Commission of India

Diksha Sharma 5 MINUTES

Law Commission of India

  • It is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.
  • Originally formed in 1955, the commission is reconstituted every three years and so far, 277 reports have been submitted to the government. 
  • The last Law Commission, under Justice B.S. Chauhan (retd.), had submitted reports and working papers on key issues such as simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies and a uniform civil code. 


  • Apart from having a full-time chairperson, the commission will have four full-time members, including a member-secretary. 
  • Law and Legislative Secretaries in the Law Ministry will be the ex-officio members of the commission. 
  • It will also have not more than five part-time members. 
  • A retired Supreme Court judge or Chief Justice of a High Court will head the Commission. 

Roles and functions

  • The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms and enacting new legislation. 
  • It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation, etc.