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Sessions of Parliament

Diksha Sharma 5 MINUTES

Sessions of Parliament

What the Constitution says on Parliamentary Sessions? 

  • Article 85 requires that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament. 
  • Please note, the Constitution does not specify when or for how many days Parliament should meet. 
  • The maximum gap between two sessions of Parliament cannot be more than six months. That means the Parliament should meet at least twice a year. 

Who shall convene a session? 

  • In practice, the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, comprising senior ministers, decides on the dates for parliament’s sitting and it is then conveyed to the president. 
  • So, the executive, headed by the prime minister, which steers the business to be taken up by parliament will have the power to advise the president to summon the legislature. 

Why is a Parliamentary Session important? 

  • Law-making is dependent on when Parliament meets. 
  • Also, a thorough scrutiny of the government’s functioning and deliberation on national issues can only take place when the two Houses are in session. 
  • Predictability in the functioning of Parliament is key to a well-functioning democracy.