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Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

Diksha Sharma 5 MINUTES

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  • The SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization
  • The creation of SCO was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China). 

Background 

  • Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five, Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001. 
  • Shanghai Five (1996) emerged from a series of border demarcation and demilitarization talks which the four former Soviet republics held with China to ensure stability along the borders. 
  • Uzbekistan joined the organisation in 2001, following this the Shanghai Five was renamed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). 
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017

Member Countries Now, SCO comprises Eight Member countries. Namely

  1. Kazakhstan 
  2. China 
  3. Kyrgyzstan 
  4. Russia 
  5. Tajikistan 
  6. Uzbekistan 
  7. India 
  8. Pakistan 

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