Directions [Question 1 – 5]: In this section you have one short passage. After the passage you will find several questions based on the passage. First, read the passage and answer the questions based on it.
Chronic of persistent stress can occur when the stressors of like are unrelenting as they are during a major reorganization or downsizing at work or while undergoing a messy divorce or coping with a chronic of life-threatening illness. Chronic stress also occurs when little stressors accumulate, and you are unable to recuperate from any one of them. As long as the mind perceives a threat, the body remains aroused. If the stress response remains turned on you can be increasing your chances of a stress related disease.
Researchers have been looking at the relationship between stress and disease for the last fifty years. They have observed that people suffering from stress related disorders tend to show hyperactivity in a particular “preferred system”, such as skeleton, muscular, cardiovascular or gastrointestinal system. For example, the evidence shows that chronic stress can result in neural tension and fatigue for some people. For others it can contribute to stress hypertension migraine headaches, ulcers or chronic diarrhoea. Almost every system in your body can be damaged by stress. Suppression of the reproduction of system can cause amenorrhea (cessation of menstruation) and failure to ovulate in woman and impotency in men. Stress-triggered changes in the lungs increase the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory conditions. Loss of insulin during the stress response may be a factor in the onset of adult diabetes. Stresses suspend tissue repair and remodelling which in turn causes decalcification of the bones and susceptibility to fractures. Inhibition of immune and inflammatory systems makes you more susceptible to colds and flu and can exacerbate some disease such as cancer and AIDS. In addition, a prolonged stress response can worsen conditions, such as arthritis, chronic paid and diabetes.
The relationship between chronic stress disease and aging is another area of research. Aging experts are looking at the changing patterns of disease and the emergence of degenerative disorder. Over just a few years the threat of infectious diseases such as threat of infectious diseases such as typhoid, pneumonia and polio have been replaced with such modern plagues as cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, respiratory disorders such as asthma and a pervasive, incidence of depression. As you age normally you expect a natural slowing down of your body’s functioning. But many of these mid to late-life disorders are stress sensitive diseases. Researchers and clinicians are each now asking how stress accelerates the aging process and what can be done to counteract this process.
1. What according to the passage the researchers have observed?
a. chronic stress occurs when the stressors of life are unrelenting
b. Downsizing has a strong relationship with stress
c. Each and every system in the body is damaged by stress
d. Stress related disorders show hyperactivity in certain body systems
2. Over the last few years the threat of infectious diseases has been replaced by
a. diseases of respiratory system
b. diseases caused by insulin deficiency
c. diseases caused by muscle tension and fatigue
d. diseases caused by cardiovascular disorders
3. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?
a. Stress response is needed in the face of physical danger
b. Constant and prolonged stress response is harmful to health
c. Stress and disease have positive relationship
d. Chronic stress occurs when stresses accumulate
4. When does the mind perceive a threat?
a. Aging process starts
b. disease pattern gets changed
c. preferred system gets activated
d. None of these
5. In adults, diabetes is caused by?
a. Loss of Insulin
b. loss of salt
c. loss of sugar
d. loss of starch
ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATIONS
1. Option- d Stress related disorders show hyperactivity in certain body systems
2. Option- d diseases caused by cardiovascular disorders
3. Option- d chronic stress occurs when stresses accumulate
4. Option- d Self-explanatory
5. Option- a Self-explanatory