Passage based Questions on General Knowledge and Current affairs SMGKQ017


Directions: Study the following information carefully to answer the questions that follow
The Centre’s national directive for the mandatory use of its contact tracing app, Aarogya Setu, as part of its COVID-19 combat measures, falls short of established legal standards for the protection of privacy. The first requirement laid down by the Supreme Court in K.S. Puttaswamy, namely, a law authorising the involuntary use of such an app, has not been fulfilled. The government has no power to make the app’s use compulsory without legislative authorisation. There is no legislative guidance for the app’s purpose, functioning, and the nature of the use of the sensitive personal data it collects. Going by the directive issued under the Disaster Management Act, [1], all people residing in ‘containment zones’, all government and public sector staff and all employees, both public and private, who are allowed to work during the lockdown, will have to download the app, which also cautions against not keeping the phone’s location and Bluetooth on. Lawyers and activists have raised concerns not only over privacy; they also fear that assessments made on the basis of information collected may be used to restrict public movement and access. The absence of a sunset clause or a rule limiting the purpose for which the data can be used or spelling out the entities authorised to use them are all valid concerns. Some, like Congress leader Rahul Gandhi, fear it could become a surveillance tool.

However, Aarogya Setu seems to be quite popular — downloads have crossed 75 million. And what the government has going for itself is that many countries are implementing mobile app use for contact tracing. More and more governments are introducing applications for automated location services to trace the contacts of those infected. India should abide by best practices elsewhere. The [2] (EU) has laid down guidelines to the effect that such app use should be voluntary, that it should preserve user privacy and should not be used after it becomes no longer necessary. Israel’s Supreme Court recently struck down emergency powers given to the country’s intelligence agency to trace the phone location of COVID-19 patients without enabling legislation. Australia’s tracking app has sparked privacy concerns, but the government has released a privacy impact assessment. While the intention behind the app’s introduction may be good — as it is a given that the government is keen on doing everything possible to keep a watch on the spread of the virus so that the lockdown, as well as relaxations given to zones based on colour-coding, are effective — it would be well-advised to heed privacy concerns raised by the Opposition, allay fears that it may become a permanent mass surveillance instrument and ensure that there is sufficient anonymising of data and its limited access. It has a duty to resort to methods that cause the least harm.

1. Who developed the Aarogya Setu app?

A. National Sample Survey Organisation
B. National Science Olympiad
C. Informatics Centre
D. National Statistical Office

Correct Option: C
Aarogya Setu ( transl. The bridge for liberation from disease) is an Indian open-source CoVID-19 "Contact tracing, Syndromic mapping and Self-assessment" digital service, primarily a mobile app, developed by the National Informatics Centre under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
Hence, option C is correct.

2. When was Disaster Management Act established [1] ?

A. 2000
B. 2005
C. 2001
D. 2004

Correct Option: B
The Disaster Management Act, 2005, No. 53 of 2005, was passed by the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India on 28 November, and the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament, on 12 December, 2005. It received the assent of The President of India on 23 December, 2005.
Hence, option B is correct.

3. What do you understand by the EU [2] ?

A. European Union
B. United Europe
C. European Unity
D. Europe's Union

Correct Option: A
The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 countries that operates as a cohesive economic and political block. Nineteen of the countries use the euro as their official currency.
Hence, option A is correct.

4. How many languages does aarogya setu app supports?

A. 10
B. 5
C. 7
D. 11

Correct Option: D
The Aarogya Setu app supports 11 languages. Once you have downloaded the app, you need to register with your mobile number. Later, the app will has an option to enter your health stats and other credentials. To enable tracking, you need to keep your location and Bluetooth services on.
Hence, option D is correct.

5. Who is the current Law and Justice Minister of India?

A. Thawar Chand Gehlot
B. Piyush Goel
C. Ravi Shankar Prasad
D. Nitin Gadkari

Correct Option: C
Ravi Shankar Prasad is the current Minister of Law and Justice.
Hence, option C is correct.