Passage based Questions on Legal Aptitude SMLAQ039

Passage based Questions on Legal Aptitude SMLAQ039

1.In which year, the Government of India had set up the Sarkaria Commission on Centre-State relations?

[A] 1980
[B] 1983
[C] 1987
[D] 1992

Correct Answer: B [ 1983 ]

Sarkaria Commission was set up in June 1983 by the central government to examine the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Rajinder Singh Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India. The other two members of the committee were Shri B Sivaraman and Dr SR Sen.

2.The minimum and maximum age for a candidate to contest elections for President of India’s office?

[A] 25 years, 65 years
[B] 35 years, 65 years
[C] 35 years , no limit
[D] 25 years, no limit

Correct Answer: C [35 years , no limit]

Article 58 of the constitution lays down the qualifications of a president in India. These qualifications are:
He should be a citizen of India,
He must have completed the age of 35 years
He must be qualified to become a Lok Sabha member.
He should not hold any office of profit under Union or state government.

3.Which among the following parts of constitution of India, includes the concept of welfare states?

[A] Preamble
[B] Fundamental rights
[C] Directive principles
[D] Fourth Schedule

Correct Answer: C [Directive principles]

Directive Principles of State Policy contained in Part IV (Arts. 36 to. 51) of the Constitution of India aim to establish social and economic democracy / justice through a welfare state.

4.What is the maximum gap / interval between two sessions of parliament?

[A] 30 days
[B] 50 days
[C] 6 months
[D] 12 months

Correct Answer: C [6 months]

From time to time, the sessions of the parliament are called upon by president. According to constitution, the maximum gap between two sessions cannot be more than six months. Thus, in each year, there must be two sessions of parliament. However, there are usually three sessions viz. Budget session (between February to May), Monsoon Session (between July to September) and Winter Session (Between November to December).

5.Which among the following articles speaks about impeachment of the President of India?

[A] Article 60
[B] Article 61
[C] Article 62
[D] Article 63

Correct Answer: B [Article 61]

As per Article 61, President of India can be impeached on ground of violation of the Constitution. However what amounts to violation of the Constitution has not been defined. The process of impeachment can begin in any of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. The charges for impeachment should be signed by 1/4 members of the house in which the process begins and a notice of 14 days should be given to the President. The impeachment bill has to be passed by majority of not less than two-thirds of the total membership of the House {special majority}. One passed in that house, the bill reaches to another house, which shall investigate the charges. President has right to appear and be represented in case of such investigations. If other house also sustains those charges, then it would again need to pass the bill by special majority and thus president stands removed from the office on which the bill is passed in other house. Since it is a bill for removal of president himself, no presidential assent is needed here.

6.Town Planning comes under which among the following parts of Constitution of India?

[A] Part VII
[B] Part IX
[C] Part IXA
[D] None of them

Correct Answer: C [Part IXA]

Part IXA of the constitution deals with municipalities i.e. urban local government